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Taekwondo Terminology (USMA Revision)

Farrell's U.S. Martial Arts
Taekwondo Terminology Curriculum Guide

The following section is compiled of various Korean terminology used through the study of Taekwondo. Since the Korean language is written using “Hangul” and not the Roman alphabet, all the spellings you see here are approximate romanizations and are written in such a way to aid the student in enunciating the terms properly.


Portions of information presented in this terminology guide are excerpts from the book, "Taekwondo" (copyright 1996), and appears here with the permission of the author, Grandmaster Yong Chin Pak.

Basic Terms

Exercise Hall

Dojang

Grandmaster Instructor

Kwan-jang-nim

Master Instructor

Sah-bum-nim

Instructor

Kyo-sah-nim

Uniform

Dobok

Belt

Dee

Black Belt

Dan

Forms

Poomsae

Free Sparring

Kyo ru-gi

Board Breaking

Kyuk-pa

Self-Defense

Ho-sin-sool

Yell

Ki-hap

Attention

Char-yut

Bow

Kyung-yae

Ready Stance

Jhoon-bi

Begin

Si-jak

Turning 180º

Dwito du-ra

Return to Ready

Ba-ro

Relax

Shi-ut

Counting

Number

Counting

Ordinal Numbers

 

One

Ha-na

Il

Two

Dool

Ee

Three

Set

Sahm

Four

Net

Sa

Five

Da-seot

Oh

Six

Ya-seot

Yook

Seven

Il-gop

Chil

Eight

Yeo-dolp

Pal

Nine

A-hop

Koo

Ten

Yeol

Ship

Eleven

Yol ha-na

Twenty

Su-mul

Thirty

So-run

Forty

Ma-heun

Fifty

Shwin

Sixty

Ye-sun

Seventy

Il-heun

Eighty

Yeo-deun

Ninety

A-heun

Hundred

Paek

 


Stances : ( Seogi )

Ready Stance

Jhoon-bi seogi

Horse Stance

Joochoom seogi

Front Stance

Ap-kubi seogi

Back Stance

Dwit-kubi (Dee-kubi) seogi

Side Stance

Yup seogi

Close Stance (feet together)

Mo-a seogi

Guarding Stance

Momtong kodureo bakkat makki

Cat/Tiger Stance

Beom seogi

Walking Stance

Ap seogi

Crane Stance

Hak-dari seogi

L-Stance

Wen/Oreun (left/right) seogi

Cross Leg Stance

Kyo-cha seogi

Sliding

Mec-gur-mel

 

Hand Techniques : ( Son-ki-sul )

(White - Orange Belts)

 

Down Block

Ah'ree mak-ki

Middle Block

Mom-tong mak-ki

High Block

Ol-gul mak-ki

Diamond Middle Section Block

Keum-gang mom-tong mak-ki

Side Block

Mom-tong yop mak-ki

Knifehand Guarding Block

Son-nal mom-tong mak-ki

Twin Knifehand Guarding Block

Ssang son-nal mak-ki

Double Fist Down Block

Ko-dureo arae mak-ki

Double Knifehand Down Block

Son-nal arae mak-ki

Forearms Guarding Block

Ko-dureo mom-tong mak-ki

Middle Punch

Baro jir-eugi

Reverse Middle Punch

Bandae jir-eugi

High Punch

Ol-gul jir-eugi

Knifehand Strike

Son-nal bak-kat chi-gi

Reverse Knifehand Strike

Son-nal mok chi-gi

Riding Stance w/Middle Punch

Joo-choom mom-tong jir-eugi

 

(Green - Blue Belts)

 

Outer Chest Block

Mom-tong hecho mak-ki

Inner Chest Block

An pal-mok mom-tong hecho mak-ki

Outer Forearm Middle Block

Mom-tong bak-kat mak-ki

Inner Forearm Middle Block

An pal-mok mom-tong mak-ki

Single Knifehand Down Block

Han son-nal arae mak-ki

Single Knifehand Mid-Section Outer Block

Han son-nal mom-tong bak-kat mak-ki

Swallow Form Knifehand Strike

Jeb-bi poom mok chi-gi

Forward Backfist Strike

Deung jum-eok ap chi-gi

Side Backfist Strike

Deung jum-eok bak-kat chi-gi

Elbow Strike (back)

Pal-kup dwit chi-gi

Elbow Strike (forward)

Pal-kup doll-yo chi-gi

Elbow Strike (mid-section)

Pal-kup pyo-jeok chi-gi

Spearhand Strike

Kwon-soo jir-eugi

 

(Brown Belts and above)

 

Low Section Side Block

Arae yop mak-ki

Low Section X-Block

Ot-koreo arae mak-ki

High Section X-Block

Ot-koreo ol-gul mak-ki

Mountain Block

San-teul mak-ki

Palm Heel Mid-Section Block

Ba-tang-son mom-tong mak-ki

Palm Heel Mid-Section Strike

Ba-tang-son mom-tong chi-gi

Pressing Block

Nul-lo mak-ki

Pulling High Section Uppercut

Dan-kyo teok jir-eugi

Scissor Block

Ka-wey mak-ki

Single Mountain Block

We-san-teul mak-ki

Double Uppercut Punch

Du-ju-meok chi-cheo jir-eugi

Elbow Strike (side)

Pal-kup yop chi-gi

Hammerfist Strike

Me-jumeok chi-gi

Ridge Hand Strike

Son-nal deung mom-tong chi-gi

Swallow Form Palm Strike

Jeb-bi poom teok chi-gi

Throat Strike

Mok chi-gi


Foot Techniques : ( Bar-ki-sul )

(White - Orange Belts)

 

Front Snap Kick

Ap cha-gi

Roundhouse Kick

Doll-yo cha-gi

Side Kick

Yop cha-gi

Back Kick

Dwit cha-gi

Rising Stretch Kick

Ap-cha ol-li-gi

Crossing Kick (inside to out)

Ap-ch dol ri-ki

 

(Green - Blue Belts)

 

Axe Kick

Naer-yo cha-gi

Back Spin Axe Kick

Mom-doll-yo naer-yo cha-gi

Back Spin Roundhouse Kick

Mom-doll-yo doll-yo cha-gi

Push Kick

Pod-eo cha-gi

Spin Side Kick

Mom-doll-yo yop cha-gi

 

(Brown Belts and above)

 

360 Roundhouse Kick

Pande de-tol-lyo tol-lyo cha-gi

Crescent Kick (outside to in)

Pyo-jeak cha-gi

Double Side Kick

Ko-deup yop cha-gi

Double Roundhouse Kick

Dubal dang-seong doll-yo cha-gi

Flying Side Kick

Dwi-o nomo yop cha-gi

Jump Double Front Kick

Dubal dang-seong cha-gi

Knee Strike

Mur-eup cha-gi

Hook Kick

Hur-yo cha-gi

Spinning Hook Kick

Mom-doll-yo hur-yo cha-gi

Step Forward Spinning Hook Kick

On-mom-doll-yo hur-yo cha-gi

Sliding Axe Kick

Mee-kul myo naer-yo cha-gi


Sparring Terminology

Equipment / Gear

 

Free Sparring

Kyo-ru-gi

Chest Protector

Hogu

Head Gear

Muh-ree boho-dae

Mouth Guard

Eep boho-dae

Groin Cup

Nang-shim Boho-dae

Forearm Guards

Pahlmahk boho-dae

Shin Guards

Jung-gang yi boho-dae

Protective Gloves

Sahn boho-jang kap

 

Match Management

 

First Round

Il hoe-jeon

Second Round

Ee hoe-jeon

Third Round

Sahm hoe-jeon

Begin

Si-jak

Break

Kal-yo

Continue

Kae-sok

Stop

Keu-man

Warning

Kyong-go

Penalty

Gam-Jeum

Blue

Chong

Red

Hong

Warning

Kyeon-go

Timeout

Shi-gan

Win

Seung


Miscellaneous

Front

Ahp

Back

Dwi

Reverse

Bandae

Outer

Bakat

Inner

Ahn

Inward

Anuro

Outward

Bakuro

Slide Forward

Chun-jin

Slide Backward

Who-jin

To the flags, bow.

Kuk-ki ae dae ha yo, kyung-yae

To the instructor, bow.

Kyo-sa-nim keh, kyung-yae

To the master, bow.

Sabum-nim keh, kyung-yae

Goodbye

Ahn-nyung-hee ga-se-yo

Thank you

Kahm-sa hamnida

You are welcome

Choon mahn ae yo

Nice to meet you

Pangap seumnida

I'm sorry

Choesong hamnida

Excuse me

Shill-ye hamnida

Hello

Ahn-nyung ha-se-yo (ha-sim-nika|formal)

Face senior student, bow.

Sun bae nim keh

Courtesy

Ye ui

Integrity

Yom chi

Perseverance

In nae

Self-control

Guk gi

Indomitable Spirit

Baek-jul